1. <file format> A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.
Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup.
tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.
2. <operating system> To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied.
This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.
3. <networking> archive site.
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Architecture Neutral Distribution Format
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