<mathematics> A function f : A -> B is surjective or onto or a surjection if f A = B.
I.e. f can return any value in B. This means that its image is its codomain.
Only surjections have right inverses, f' : B -> A where f (f' x) = x since if f were not a surjection there would be elements of B for which f' was not defined.
See also bijection, injection.
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