<language> One of the most used object-oriented
languages, a superset of C
developed primarily by Bjarne Stroustrup
> at AT&T Bell Laboratories
In C++ a class
is a user-defined type
, syntactically a struct
with member functions.
Constructors and destructors are member functions called to create or destroy instances.
is a nonmember function that is allowed to access the private portion of a class.
C++ allows implicit type conversion
, function inlining, overloading
of operators and function names, and default function arguments.
It has streams
for I/O and references.
C++ 2.0 (May 1989) introduced multiple inheritance
, type-safe linkage, pointers to members, and abstract classes.
C++ 2.1 was introduced in ["Annotated C++ Reference Manual", B. Stroustrup et al, A-W 1990].
MS-DOS (ftp://grape.ecs.clarkson.edu/pub/msdos/djgpp/djgpp.zip), Unix ANSI C++ (ftp://gnu.org/pub/gnu/g++-1.39.0.tar.Z) - X3J16 committee. (They're workin' on it).
See also cfront, LEDA
["The C++ Programming Language", Bjarne Stroustrup, A-W, 1986].